Language

Week 3: High Frequency Words

This series focuses on Fluent Forever’s alphabetical list of the 625 most commonly used words in any language, presented 10 words at a time with their Italian translation.

“Not all words are created equal: we use certain words far more often than others…We get a lot of mileage out of our most frequent words…With only a thousand words [of your target language] you’ll recognize nearly 75 percent of what you read. With two thousand, you’ll hit 80 percent.”

–Gabriel Wyner, Fluent Forever

 

 

High Frequency 3

Image created at Tagul

Word bank: back (direction), bad, bag, ball, banana, band (music), bank, bar (location), bathroom, beach. Dietro; cattivo/cattiva; la borsa; la palla; la banana; la banda; la banca; il bar; il bagno/la toilette; la spiaggia.

Practice these high-frequency words on Quizlet.

Level: Give it a Try

  • The students walk dietro the teacher.
  • Go sul retro of the bus.
  • The little boy was very cattivo.
  • The children play with una palla on la spiaggia.
  • First we will go to la banca, then to il bar for a coffee.
  • La banda plays music.
  • Il bagno is a room with a toilet and bathtub.
  • “Where is la toilette?” asked the woman in the restaurant.
  • Inside her borsa was a wallet, keys and una banana.

*travel note: when out and about, one needs to ask for “the toilet”. If you ask “where’s the bathroom (il bagno)”, people will think you are looking for the room with a bathtub!

Level: Challenge

  • Gli studenti camminano dietro l’insegnante.
  • Va sul retro dell’autobus.
  • Il ragazzo era molto cattivo.
  • I ragazzi giocano con una palla sulla spiaggia.
  • Prima andiamo alla bancapoi al bar per prendere un caffè.
  • La banda suona la musica.
  • Il bagno  è una stanza con una toilette e una vasca da bagno.
  • “Dov’è la toilette?” chiesto la donna nel ristorante.
  • All’interno della sua borsa erano un portafoglio, le chiavi, e una banana.

 

Helpful Grammar Links

  • Plurals in Italian: In general, singular masculine nouns ending in “0” change to “i”; singular feminine nouns ending in “a” change to “e”. Some words end in “e” and always change to “i” in the plural.
  • Adjectives are “matchy matchy” – the ending of an adjective matches in gender and number with the noun they are describing.
  • Definite articles: Italian uses definite articles (“the”) much more than English, and each “the” can be different depending on if the noun in question is male or female.
  • Indefinite articles (“a”/”an”)

Pronunciation resources

 ForvoGoogle Translate  Content resources: Fluent Forever, WordReference

Past Posts

Week 1Week 2

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This post first appeared on Prayers and Piazzas.

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5 thoughts on “Week 3: High Frequency Words

  1. Pingback: Week 4: High Frequency Words | Prayers and Piazzas

  2. Pingback: Week 5: High Frequency Words | Prayers and Piazzas

  3. Nice post, totally agree, lexicon is the basis if you really want to speak a foreign language…
    attention: dietro dell’insegnante, better “dietro l’insegnante” or “dietro all’insegnante” (even if you say dietro di me, dietro di lui, etc. but because you use a personal pronoun)
    and, ragazzi, not raGgazzi

    Liked by 1 person

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