Is Santa Claus Italian?

“Is Santa Claus Italian?!?” exclaimed seven-year-old Daughter as she was watching the animated movie “Rise of the Guardians.”  Alec Baldwin voices Santa Claus, who does speak with an accent, although I’m not sure that it’s intended to be Italian.

“Mom, listen to him!” she implored, and then really focused on the next few lines of dialogue. “Oh ya, he’s definitely Italian!” (May I interject here how sweet I find it that she’s using a cartoon to verify her facts about Santa Claus?)

Childhood innocence aside, she was correct in believing that Santa Claus is Italian.

Certainly my family in Bari, Italy, in the heel of the country’s boot, would agree. Infatti (in fact), they might even say that Santa Claus is not only Italian, but more specifically, Baresi. After all, the patron saint of Bari is San Nicola —  Saint Nicholas — the man who inspired Santa Claus traditions around the world.

Icon c 1500 St Nicholas.JPG

Image Credit

San Nicola hailed from an area of the Roman Empire during the 4th century and became bishop of Myra, a town in what is now in modern Turkey. Several centuries after his death and following the conquering of the city by the Turks, sailors from Bari (and Venice) retrieved his bones from the cathedral at Myra, and brought them to ultimately rest in both cities.

File:Bari - San Nicola - panoramio.jpg

Image Credit

In life, Nicola was a generous, compassionate man, and had a knack for leaving anonymous gifts, often at night. “He had a reputation for secret gift-giving, such as putting coins in the shoes of those who left them out for him, a practice celebrated on his feast day, December 6.” (source)

Nicola is the patron saint of sailors, marriageable maidens, bankers, and even thieves and pawnbrokers, but primarily, he is regarded as the patron saint of children.

The most well-known legend surrounding St. Nicholas involves a poor man in his church with three daughters of marriageable age. With their father unable to afford proper dowries or even provide for them at all, their future was bleak. Nicholas, who had inherited wealth as a child when his parents died, on three occasions threw three purses filled with gold coins (one for each daughter) through an open window, or perhaps even down the chimney, of the house. Some accounts say the gold coins landed in socks which were hanging to dry by the fire, thus inspiring the tradition of Christmas stockings.

Ambrogio lorenzetti, carità di san nicola, 1330-40 ca..JPG

 Above: The Charity of Saint Nicolas of Bari by Ambrogio Laurati of Siena. Painted in 1330-1340 and housed in the Louvre. Image Credit

Above: The Dowry for the Three Virgins by Gentile da Fabriano circa 1425, housed in Pinacoteca Vaticana. Image Credit

“After Nicholas’ death, legends of his numerous good deeds spread, and hundred of churches were built in his honor,” writes Doris Baines in Christmas Traditions and Legends. “Over time, his legend grew as the stories became more and more incredible. At some point he gained the power to fly and was depicted riding through the sky on a white horse, wearing the hat and red and white robes of a bishop and sporting a long, white beard.”

Centuries after his charitable life, Saint Nicholas is now known the world over as the jolly man in the red coat who brings Christmas gifts to children. In Italy, he is Babbo Natale (literally Daddy Christmas), in France, Pere Noel which is the translation of the United Kingdom’s Father Christmas, while in Chile he is called Viejo Pascuero — Old Man Christmas.

No matter how he is called, all names lead back to one man: Nicola, Patron Saint of Bari, whose ancient bones rest in my family’s ancestral Italian city.

Sounds pretty Italian to me.

Italian Christmas Words


Buon Natale!              Merry Christmas!

Babbo Natale              Santa Claus

Albero di natale        Christmas tree

La calza                        Stocking

I regali                         Presents

Gesù Bambino           Baby Jesus

©Stacy D. Pollard, Prayers and Piazzas. A version of this post first appeared on Prayers and Piazzas December 2013.


20 Comments Add yours

  1. Brad Nixon says:

    Pollard at her best: personal background, research, photos, charming tales. Buon natale.

    1. You just made my day! Thank you so much for such a touching comment. Buon natale a te. 🙂

  2. Kamila Pala says:

    Very nice post 🙂 ! Bye. Kamila

  3. Ciao Stacey. I don’t know if you know that Babbo Natale has ‘dual citizenship’ in Italia? It seems that the Barese sailors who stole the bones from San Nicola’s tomb in Anatolia during the night were in such a rush they left some behind! These were taken to Venezia and buried in San Nicolò del Lido. Apparently scientific evidence has proved they are indeed from the same skeleton! Molto interessante! Buon Natale, Cristina

    1. Fantastico, great details!

  4. Annmarie says:

    Beautiful post, love the story about the three daughters. Interesting how these traditions have evolved over time.

    1. Thank you, Annmarie. I agree with you completely! Hope you are well.

  5. Your daughter sounds as though she’s well equipped in the critical thinking category. It’s amazing how we grow up with general understandings and “pian piano” fill out the details and sometimes even discover a completely different story that may turn out to be even lovelier than the original.
    Very nice post and love your choice of photos. Buon natale!

    1. Thanks so much, Karen, what nice thoughts to share. So glad you enjoyed the post and photos too, I did devote extra time to finding those photos. I’m guessing that you’ve been to Bari and it’s surroundings, being in proximity to Calabria? 🙂

      1. Actually, no, it’s on my list of places to visit. Calabria looks close to Puglia, but I’ve spent most of my time in Reggio which is quite a distance – flights would have to go through Rome and the trains/buses are pretty primitive along the Ionian coast. In the long run, it would be easier to get to Bari from Milan.

      2. Oh how funny, that Milan to Bari would be easier. But if you ever do make it to that part, there is so much to see!

      3. Oh, I’m going to make it, the question is when…

  6. Gracefully Global says:

    This is great, Stacy! I just loved this post. How silly to never have put together “Nicola” and “Nick,” and think about Santa Claus having roots as a saint, and an Italian saint at that. I’ll never see him the same way!! 🙂

    1. Hi Peggy! Thanks so much, I’m glad you enjoyed the post and it’s nice to see you! I also admit, I never made the connection that Saint Nicholas was an actual saint. It was fun discovering this angle when I was visiting the basilica with my relatives in Bari. Un abbraccio!

      1. Gracefully Global says:

        Ha, I’m glad to hear I’m not the only one!! :)) Hope you enjoyed the Bari trip. Never been there, but enjoyed Trani and Lecce. Yes, so sorry that I disappear so from WordPress. I don’t know why I have such a hard time connecting with it when I’m on the go. I manage to stay connected to my other platforms, but somehow not this one. Such a shame because my favorite people are here! Hope you are well and enjoying the holidays and your family…

  7. apollard says:

    My dutch husband would say Sinta Klaus is dutch :). Gorgeous post, I love that he is from Bari. I think my favorite Italian Christmas custom is that of the presepe. It still makes me feel warm inside thinking about Italians collecting twigs and moss and assembling the wee displays. So wholesome and natural and beautiful. I would like to do one myself. Merry Christmas to you and your family.

    1. Hi Andrea, thanks so much! The presepe is such a beautiful tradition, I agree with you. Merry Christmas to you all as well, hope you’re doing great!

  8. gailpollard2015 says:

    Love reading traditions, makes Christmas more meaningful

    1. Thank you! One of the quotes is from that beautiful Christmas book you gave me years ago!

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